Spider plant, Chlorophytum comosum, is one of the most common and well-known of all houseplants. It is especially popular with beginners, being easy to grow and propagate, tolerant of neglect, and able to thrive in nearly any type of condition. It gets its common name from the small plantlets produced on long trailing stems that vaguely resemble spiders.
Height: .5 to 1 feet
Spread: 2 to 4 feet
Plant habit: spreading
Plant density: moderate
Growth rate: moderate
Light requirement: plant grows in the shade
Soil tolerances: clay; sand; acidic; slightly alkaline; loam;
Drought tolerance: high
Soil salt tolerances: poor
Plant spacing: 18 to 24 inches
Use and Management
Growing best in light to deep shade, Spider Plant can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions but does need attention paid to its watering schedule. Severe drought can cause leaf burn, detracting from the appearance of the whole plant. It may also exhibit leaf tip burn when exposed to some fluoridated water. Plant on 12 to 18-inch centers for quick establishment as a groundcover. Some frost can be tolerated. Propagation is commonly by potting of the plantlets, division of the main plant, and sometimes by seed ‘Vittatum’ is slower growing and leaves have a wide white strip down the center of the leaf. ‘Variegatum’ has leaves with white margins. Problems include spider mites and mealy bugs.
Pests and Diseases: Plants are susceptible to root rot in poorly drained soils