Xylaxin Injection

COMPOSITION

Xylaxin injection (2% Solution) contains Xylazine Hydrochloride 23.22 mg per ml.

INDICATIONS

Xylaxin injection is recommended for inducing sedation and analgesia in various ani­mals, for restraining of animals for routine observations, minor surgical interventions, immobilization of animals during transportation and transhipment or any similar func­tions. It can also be used as a preanaesthetic to general anaesthesia.

 

ADMINISTRATION

By intramuscular route. For horses intravenous.

SpeciesDose in mg.per Kg. Body weightDose per average adult
Cattle0.1 to 0.21.5 to 3.0 ml
Horses1.0 to 2.025.0 to 50.0 ml
Dogs1.0 to 2.00.75 to 1.5 ml
Cats1.0 to 2.00.1 to 0.5 ml
Sheep0.1 to 0.30.1 to 0.5 ml
Goats0.05 to 0.50.1 to 0.75 ml
Camels0.1 to 0.55.0 to 20.0 ml
Wild Deers1.5 to 3.02.50 to 4.5 ml
Elephants0.1 to 0.45.0 to 20.0 ml

 

CONTRA-INDIACATIONS

Xylaxin should not be used in conjunction with tranquilizers or neuroleptic drugs. Ani­mals in the last term of pregnancy should not be given the drug as it may induce early parturition or abortion. Cats and dogs with oesophageal obstruction, intestinal torsion or hernia as well as animals with pulmonary disorders should not be injected with Xylaxin.

PRECAUTIONS

After administration of Xylaxin the animal should be left undisturbed as excitement may reduce the level of sedation. Accidental falls and injury to be avoided during the induction of sedation by keeping the animal under observation after the onset of se­dation. Caution is required while administering the drug in weak and debilitated ani­mals.

SIDE EFFECTS

Xylaxin is well tolerated in most animals without any side effects. A brief rise in blood pressure may occur which gradually becomes normal. Sweating and urination in horses, liquid and soft faeces in cattle, emesis in cats and dogs are some of the effects. The drug is rapidly excreted from the body.

ANTIDOTE

Yohimbine hydrochloride and 4-amino pyridine are the antidotes for Xylaxin.

 

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